Working conditions and vulnerability pillar
The aim of improving the quality of jobs was introduced into the European Employment Strategy at the Lisbon summit in 2000, summarised in the widely cited objectives of ‘more and better jobs’. In the Europe 2020 agenda these objectives are still prominent. In response to these policy objectives, developing joint indicators in view of the monitoring of progress of the ‘better’ jobs objective has been actively promoted. InGRID’s Working conditions and vulnerability pillar therefore aims at integrating, analysing, archiving, and supplementing the existing working conditions and occupational health and safety surveys and inventories. The European Commission’s emphasis on specific vulnerable groups creates important challenges for the current quantitative survey methods used in comparative working conditions studies: how can these groups be identified and are they in a representative way included in the sampled populations. InGRID therefore aims at progress in the development of individual level job quality indicators, among others to identify and observe poor working conditions for specific groups of workers. Data improvements can be reached by benchmarking how current, relevant national employee and employers’ surveys generate data and how linked employer-employee surveys can be applied to a larger extent.
The EU’s New jobs, new skills initiative has elicited a wide range of studies regarding the early identification of skill needs, such as the skills needs employment volumes forecasts using model-based projections of employment growth by sector, which are then broken down by occupation according to past developments. For policy measures, particularly in the field of education, these forecasts use too aggregate occupational categories, which have been counterbalanced by sector-based qualitative studies. The challenge to identify which new jobs are emerging and what the related skill requirements are remains. The lack of tools to identify new jobs and the related new skills at various levels of aggregation is the greatest data challenge for the years to come. The need for new or better tools for measuring occupations, new jobs, and news skills at various levels of aggregation is obvious. InGRID’s Working conditions and vulnerability pillar therefore aims at developing and testing new tools to measure occupations and their skill requirements.
InGRID will contribute to progress in the research infrastructures concerning Working conditions and vulnerability by organising transnational access to data infrastructures at competent data centres, by supporting this access, by fostering collaboration within the relevant communities through networking activities, and by developing innovative tools and protocols through joint research activities. This thematic pillar will combine and integrate activities in the composing areas of the research infrastructure, notably with a focus on the use of linked employer-employee data; job quality indicators and vulnerability; new skills new jobs: tools for harmonising the measurement of occupations EU-wide; new skills new jobs: tools to detect and classify new jobs and new skills in working conditions and occupational health and safety surveys.
For the Working conditions and vulnerability research the objectives are:
- to integrate existing repositories on European and national working conditions and occupational safety and health (WC&OSH) data using a web-based platform;
- to integrate and further develop tools and competences in the collection of cross-country comparative WC&OSH data;
- to design and implement a web-portal that provides the research community and stakeholders with classification and analytical tools for WC&OSH analysis;
- to develop new methods and tools to generate comparative WC&OSH data of relevance for the EU New skills new jobs strategy;
- to contribute in an innovative way to the development of an integrated research infrastructure on WC&OSH analysis with a focus on vulnerable groups.
AIAS, Universiteit van Amsterdam (pillar leader)
- HIVA - Research Institute for Work and Society, KU Leuven
CEE - Centre d’Etudes de l’Emploi
- Dipartimento di Economia e Menagement, Università di Pisa
- CEPS - Centre for European Policy Studies